The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) recently announced the expansion of its two-year pilot program that gives investors who are filing eligible claims the opportunity to select an arbitration panel composed of three public arbitrators instead of two public and one non-public. This program gives investors filing claims against their broker-dealer the opportunity (if their claim qualifies) to ensure that their securities case will be determined entirely by arbitrators with no experience or connection to the securities industry.
In its second year, the pilot will expand from 11 to 14 broker-dealers, and the number of eligible cases will increase from 276 to 411, a rise of nearly 50 percent. Only the investor filing the claim can elect to participate in the program and the firms cannot choose which cases are eligible.
Each participating firm has agreed to commit a specific number of cases to the pilot. Cases enter the pilot on a first-come, first-served basis at the sole discretion of the claimant, who is typically a retail brokerage customer with a claim against his/her brokerage firm/financial advisor. The program began on October 6, 2008, and will conclude on October 5, 2010.
The three new firms contributing cases to the pilot program are: Chase Investment Services, with 10 cases; Oppenheimer & Co, with 15 cases; and Raymond James Financial Services/Raymond James & Associates, with 10 cases. Of the 11 firms already participating, five are increasing the number of pilot cases from 40 to 60: Citigroup Global Markets, Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, UBS Financial Services and Wells Fargo Advisors.
Other participating firms are Ameriprise Financial Services, with 18 cases; Charles Schwab, with 10 cases; Edward Jones, with 18 cases; Fidelity Brokerage Services, with 10 cases; LPL Financial, with 10 cases; and TD Ameritrade with 10 cases.
The pilot program will be evaluated by a number of criteria, including the percentage of investors who opt in and, of those, the percentage who actually select an all-public panel. Currently, about half of the investors in the pilot choose to have a non-public arbitrator on their hearing panel.
FINRA also will compare the results of pilot and non-pilot cases, including the percentage of cases that settle before award and how quickly they settle, the length of hearings and the use of expert witnesses. FINRA also is conducting participant surveys to get feedback from those investors that participate in the program.
So far, investors have filed 474 eligible cases. With the initial year of the pilot nearly concluded, 51 percent of the eligible investors have opted into the pilot, resulting in 244 cases.
Investors who choose to have their claim heard under the pilot program — and the firm named in the claim — receive the same three lists of potential arbitrators that parties in non-pilot disputes receive: lists of eight chair-qualified public arbitrators, eight public arbitrators and eight non-public arbitrators. Investors participating in the pilot may choose either an all-public three-member panel or a majority public panel with one non-public arbitrator.
To date, in the 225 pilot cases where ranking lists have been returned, investors have ranked one or more non-public arbitrators half the time and struck all eight non-public arbitrators in the other half. Thus, investors are choosing to have a non-public arbitrator in 50 percent of the pilot cases.
Detailed information about the pilot program is available at: http://www.finra.org/ArbitrationMediation/Parties/ArbitrationProcess/NoticesToParties/P116995
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